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Yeshua in the Old Testament

Beit HaDerekh

One of the more complex questions of understanding is the fact that in the New Testament we see the figure of Jesus as one person and God the Father in another dimension and sometimes we perceive a communication between them as if they were two separate persons.

Despite this apparent duality we know that God is one.

God is a compound unity that manifests itself in many ways.

Let us then turn to the Old Testament to help us understand this manifestation that sometimes presents itself as a duality.

In this opportunity we can also see the appearance of Jesus in Genesis chapter 21 and 22 at least twice.

God tests Abraham and asks him to sacrifice his son Isaac. At the crucial moment when Isaac is tied up on the altar and Abraham standing with the cleaver in his hand ready to slay the son, the Angel of the Lord cries out from the heavens and prevents the execution of Isaac.

The Angel of God says: Do not reach out and give him nothing; for now I know that thou fearest God, because thou hast not withheld his son from me. Ge 22:12.

Now, when we think of the angel who comes as a messenger to utter a word of God we suppose we are speaking of two persons. However, this angel places himself as a messenger but also as God himself, when he says: “Because you did not deny me the son.” As an “ordinary” angel he would have to say, “You have not denied him the son.”

This pattern of communication is repeated in the previous chapter in Ge 21: 17-18 when that same angel tells Hagar that God has heard the boy’s voice and promises to make him a great people.

In Verse 18 he says, “Rise up, raise up the lad, hold him by the hand, for I will make him a great people. This angel does not say that God will make him a great people but he is included saying “I will make of him a great people. We conclude therefore that this angel is God himself, Yeshua manifest and pre-incarnate.

In this way we hope to clarify the understanding on questioning raised in the first paragraph of our study.